Electricity is an important lifeline of the modern economy. In the face of power interruptions caused by disasters such as hurricanes and earthquakes, how to plan energy resilience in the preparation of urban emergency management has become one of the focuses of American cities. With funding from the US Department of Energy ’s Office of Solar Energy Technology and the support of the Institute for Sustainable Development (ISC), San Francisco and the City University of New York conducted in-depth research on how to provide power to key facilities such as police stations, fire stations, and hospitals in emergency The feasibility study developed corresponding tools, teaching materials and software to provide cases for other cities to solve similar problems.
The San Francisco Environment Agency (SFE) has studied the use of “solar + storage systems” throughout urban facilities, and these systems will serve critical loads in emergency situations. The pilot project aims to provide examples for other cities to integrate “solar energy + storage system” into the corresponding urban emergency response plan. SFE compiled and released the Resilient Solar and Storage Roadmap and Best Practices Guide , which provides a reference for other cities conducting energy resilience research; for building owners, energy experts, and The city management department and others have provided “solar + storage system” to estimate the size and physical space required by the critical load.
Many buildings in San Francisco have solar energy, but they are rarely able to operate with storage batteries during a power outage. By studying how to integrate solar energy and storage, San Francisco is creating greater energy resilience.
New York City
New York City is also rapidly promoting the use of solar energy. Similar to San Francisco, most solar installations are not equipped with smart inverters and storage capacity, so the city cannot use it during emergencies and power outages.
The City University of New York (CUNY) has developed a set of reports and fact sheets on resilient hardware, design, and economics for “solar + storage systems” for installers, utilities, policymakers, and consumers. In 2017, ” New York City Resilient Solar Roadmap ” (New York City Resilient Solar Roadmap) was released. This is a five-to-seven-year medium- and long-term strategic plan for solving the hardware, software, economic and policy aspects of solar + storage systems. The problem. For New York, storage system licensing is the main issue. Storage is a new technology and it is not yet known what department needs to issue which license. For this reason, CUNY has created a license and interconnection guide for the storage system. The City University of New York also collaborated with local officials to implement a streamlined license with funding from the New York State Department of Energy Research and Development; develop an online tool (NY Solar Map and Portal) to showcase the city’s current solar and storage devices, as well as future plans for the new system Ideal location to maximize resilience benefits; the online calculator will analyze the critical load of residential consumers and provide a preliminary estimate of project size and cost.